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Civil-Military Occasional Paper 1-2016 – Illicit Small Arms in the Pacific

Abstract With the exception of Papua New Guinea, the number of illicit small arms likely to be in circulation in Western Pacific island countries is not particularly large or widespread. The region remains relatively ‘gun free’ as Philip Alpers’ recently proclaimed. Supply is not bountiful, controls in the form of regional and national laws are sound, disarmament and amnesties have been somewhat successful, and demand is neither strong nor state or region-wide—Papua New Guinea being the exception. In broader context, the Pacific Institute for Public Policy points out that: The Pacific has seen its share of coups and conflict, but deserves recognition for being a largely peaceful region … It also has a wealth of traditional mechanisms to end conflict … It is worth bearing this in mind as the region develops a more ‘bottom-up’ approach to contemporary security issues. The project conducted a strategic assessment, rather than a detailed stocktake, of the illicit small arms in the Western Pacific island region with a focus on Fiji, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea (excluding Bougainville). As anticipated, most of the illicit small arms in the region come from within the countries studied and are largely recirculated within them. However, there are…

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The Development of Civilian Policing: Lessons for Contemporary Post-conflict Operations

Abstract This article considers the historical separation of policing from military functions by outlining the key roles of police forces and analysing why policing was purposefully developed to differ from military structures and roles. In doing so, this paper contributes to our understanding of contemporary challenges with respect to identifying appropriate policing and military roles in international contexts. Focusing primarily on the Anglo experience of developments in policing, the paper also addresses the question as to why alternative forms of ‘Continental’ policing arose in Europe. In particular, the paper considers the question as to what constitutes legitimate forms of policing in such different contexts as, in understanding the genesis of current policing models and alternative possibilities for the relationship between police and military forces, we may hope to better understand the options for police and military roles in post-conflict settings. Dr Fish is an Associate Professor in Philosophy at Massey University. Dr Greener is Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Massey University and has published widely on international security-related matters; her book The New International Policing was published in 2009. Downloads View this publication on Academia.edu  

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