Civil-Military Occasional Paper 1-2014 – Conflict-related Sexual and Gender-based Violence

Abstract Sexual and gender-based violence is widespread in conflict-affected environments. The field of conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence is active and constantly expanding. Recent research and analysis are drawing attention to the complexity of this form of violence, reflecting a shift away from simplified narratives. They also point to the need for a more inclusive understanding of sexual violence, which acknowledges, for example, male victims and survivors, as well as the experiences and motivations of perpetrators. The wealth of information, activity and debate that characterises this field can be daunting. This paper offers an introductory overview of conflict- related sexual and gender-based violence, in particular for those who are beginning their involvement with the subject—whether they are civilian, military or police. It examines a number of dominant patterns of sexual and gender-based violence in conflict-affected environments. It surveys a range of causes and motivations that can contribute to the perpetration of this form of violence, and explores persistent gaps and weaknesses in current efforts to deal with such violence. Throughout the report, where relevant, information is provided about what is being done to prevent and respond to conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence, with a sampling of efforts from the international,…

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CMAC 2011 Summary Report – Enhancing the Protection of Civilians in Peace Operations: From policy to practice

Abstract The mission to build a body of expertise for the Protection of Civilians (POC) has become a major challenge to peace operations throughout the world. The last ten years have brought to the fore a focus on the rights of civilian populations. In this time, the United Nations (UN) and the African Union have made considerable progress to strengthen POC effectiveness. Yet challenges remain. Armed conflict is still prevalent around the world, civilians comprise the majority of casualties, and the need for global POC strategies is vital. Protection is a broad term and activities falling under it require a comprehensive approach involving all actors involved in an operational area. These include international organisations, national governments, local communities, non-governmental organisations, military, police, and civilian personnel. Considerations on POC policy was the theme of the Asia Pacific Civil-Military Centre of Excellence’s inaugural Civil Military Affairs Conference (CMAC), held in Queanbeyan from 24-26 May 2011. Enhancing the Protection of Civilians in Peace Operations: From Policy to Practice considered the latest developments to improve POC effectiveness and the impact they have on the security and rights of civilians in conflict zones, including those of women and children. CMAC brought together approximately 200 international…

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