Humanitarian Advisory Group – Asian Perspectives on Civil-Military-Police Relations and Coordination in Disaster Management

Asian Perspectives on Civil-Military-Police Relations and Coordination in Disaster Management

The South East Asian region is highly vulnerable to rapid onset natural disasters. A range of actors provide assistance during these crises, including local, national and regional civilian government offices, military and police forces and national and international humanitarian organisations. Effective coordination among these diverse civilian, military and police actors is critical to ensuring an effective response to disasters.

In 2014, ACMC commissioned research through the Humanitarian Advisory Group on ‘Asian Perspectives on Civil-Military-Police Relations and Coordination in Disaster Management’.
The aim of this Research Paper and Stakeholder Guide is to provide practical insights on civil-military-police coordination in disaster management and response both at the regional level, and in four specific countries: Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia.

It reflects the perspectives of South East Asian actors, including civilian government, military, police, national and in-country international humanitarian actors and local actors. It also situates the civil-military-police coordination within the particular historical contexts of the four research countries. The research findings and guidance will assist regional and global responders to better understand the contexts in which they may operate in times of natural disasters. This enhanced understanding, in turn, will help responders plan and coordinate their assistance.

This report contains two sections.

The research paper outlines key research findings on civil-military-police coordination in disaster management, drawing on similarities and differences across the four research contexts. The paper further outlines the implications of these key findings for stakeholders in disaster management and response operations. Section 1 provides the evidence base and critical background for the guidance provided in Section 2 – the stakeholder guide. The research paper will be available to download in August 2015.

The stakeholder guide provides practical support for stakeholders engaged in disaster management and response operations in the region to help them successfully coordinate with other relevant civilian, military and police actors. For each of the research contexts – Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia – the guide outlines the historical context, relevant national policy and legal frameworks, roles and responsibilities of national responders, and coordination structures. The guide also includes an overview of regional actors and structures, including the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and bodies such as the ASEAN Humanitarian Coordinating Centre for Humanitarian Assistance
(AHA Centre) and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UN OCHA ROAP).The objective of this research was to examine the ways in which regional organisations build the capacity of national disaster management organisations (NDMOs) through analysis of the Pacific, South East Asia and South Asia. The research paper will be available to download in August 2015.